9 Eylül 2020 Çarşamba
Tourkia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tourkia (Greek: Τουρκία) may refer to: Turkey, a country in southeastern Europe and western Asia The name of Turkey in modern Greek The name of the Ottoman Empire in medieval and early modern Greek Tourkia (Khazaria) ("eastern Tourkia"), designation for the early medieval Khazar state in Byzantine sources Tourkia (Hungary) ("western Tourkia"), designation for the medieval Hungarian state in Byzantine sources Principality of Hungary https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principality_of_Hungary In contemporary Byzantine sources, written in Greek, the country was known as "Western Tourkia" in contrast to eastern or Khazar Tourkia. The Jewish Hasdai ibn Shaprut around 960 called the polity "the land of the Hungrin" (the land of the Hungarians) in a letter to Joseph of the Khazars. Constantine VII's De Administrando Imperio, written around 950 AD, tries to define precisely the whole land of the Hungarians, or Tourkia. Constantine described the previous inhabitants of Hungary (e.g., the Moravians), described early Hungarian settlements and neighbors, and located Hungarian rivers (Temes, Maros, Körös, Tisza, Tutisz). Constantine had much more knowledge about the eastern parts of Hungary; therefore, according to one theory, Tourkia did not mean the land of the whole federation, but a tribal settlement, and the source of the description of Hungary could have been Gyula whose tribe populated the five rivers around 950. According to another hypothesis, mainly based on Constantine's description, the Hungarians started to really settle western Hungary (Transdanubia) only after 950, because the eastern part of the country was more suitable for a nomadic lifestyle.